Wave power potential (2008)

Definition. A considerable amount of research effort is currently going into assessing the energy potential of Europe’s seas. For example, the FP7 ORECCA project has mapped the likely energy potential of wave power. Wave power energy as offshore renewable, i.e. ‘blue’ energy, is important for the European strategy on ‘Blue Growth’. This strategy is still at an early stage of development and therefore provides opportunities for future marine and sustainable maritime growth. It claims to be suitable for minimizing land-use requirements and reducing greenhouse gas emissions. However, the development of marine renewables depends on many factors. Wave energy is much more difficult to capture, and technological development remains at an experimental stage. The take-up of tidal energy is also more challenging, especially as the physical opportunities for development are much more limited and are frequently in sensitive coastal or estuarine locations. Research efforts are, nonetheless, ongoing; for example, the Pelamis wave energy convertor has been trialed in Scottish and Portuguese waters.

Key facts at European level. Western coastal areas fully exposed to the Atlantic have the greatest capacity to develop wave power, followed by open areas in the North and single areas in the Mediterranean Sea. However, enclosed sea areas like the most parts of the Mediterranean, the Baltic or the Black Sea have relatively little potential in this regard.


Other regions with selected indicator available

Austria

    Belgium

    • BE25 Prov. West-Vlaanderen

    Bulgaria

    • BG33 Североизточен (Severoiztochen)
    • BG34 Югоизточен (Yugoiztochen)

    Croatia

    • HR03 Jadranska Hrvatska

    Cyprus

    • CY00 Κύπρος (Kýpros)

    Czech Republic

      Denmark

      • DK01 Hovedstaden
      • DK02 Sjælland
      • DK03 Syddanmark
      • DK04 Midtjylland
      • DK05 Nordjylland

      Estonia

      • EE00 Eesti

      Finland

      • FI19 Länsi-Suomi
      • FI1B Helsinki-Uusimaa
      • FI1C Etelä-Suomi
      • FI1D Pohjois- ja Itä-Suomi
      • FI20 Åland

      France

      • FR22 Picardie
      • FR23 Haute-Normandie
      • FR25 Basse-Normandie
      • FR30 Nord - Pas-de-Calais
      • FR51 Pays de la Loire
      • FR52 Bretagne
      • FR53 Poitou-Charentes
      • FR61 Aquitaine
      • FR62 Midi-Pyrénées
      • FR81 Languedoc-Roussillon
      • FR82 Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • FR83 Corse
      • FR91 Guadeloupe
      • FR92 Martinique
      • FR93 Guyane
      • FR94 Réunion

      Germany

      • DE11 Stuttgart
      • DE12 Karlsruhe
      • DE13 Freiburg
      • DE14 Tübingen
      • DE21 Oberbayern
      • DE24 Oberfranken
      • DE25 Mittelfranken
      • DE26 Unterfranken
      • DE27 Schwaben
      • DE30 Berlin
      • DE50 Bremen
      • DE60 Hamburg
      • DE71 Darmstadt
      • DE72 Gießen
      • DE73 Kassel
      • DE80 Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
      • DE91 Braunschweig
      • DE92 Hannover
      • DE93 Lüneburg
      • DE94 Weser-Ems
      • DEA1 Düsseldorf
      • DEA2 Köln
      • DEA3 Münster
      • DEA4 Detmold
      • DEA5 Arnsberg
      • DEB1 Koblenz
      • DEB2 Trier
      • DEB3 Rheinhessen-Pfalz
      • DEC0 Saarland
      • DED2 Dresden
      • DED4 Chemnitz
      • DED5 Leipzig
      • DEF0 Schleswig-Holstein
      • DEG0 Thüringen

      Greece

      • EL11 Aνατολική Μακεδονία, Θράκη (Anatoliki Makedonia, Thraki)
      • EL12 Κεντρική Μακεδονία (Kentriki Makedonia)
      • EL14 Θεσσαλία (Thessalia)
      • EL21 Ήπειρος (Ipeiros)
      • EL22 Ιόνια Νησιά (Ionia Nisia)
      • EL23 Δυτική Ελλάδα (Dytiki Ellada)
      • EL24 Στερεά Ελλάδα (Sterea Ellada)
      • EL25 Πελοπόννησος (Peloponnisos)
      • EL30 Aττική (Attiki)
      • EL41 Βόρειο Αιγαίο (Voreio Aigaio)
      • EL42 Νότιο Αιγαίο (Notio Aigaio)
      • EL43 Κρήτη (Kriti)

      Hungary

        Ireland

        • IE01 Border, Midland and Western
        • IE02 Southern and Eastern

        Italy

        • ITC1 Piemonte
        • ITC3 Liguria
        • ITE1 Toscana
        • ITE3 Marche
        • ITE4 Lazio
        • ITF1 Abruzzo
        • ITF2 Molise
        • ITF3 Campania
        • ITF4 Puglia
        • ITF5 Basilicata
        • ITF6 Calabria
        • ITG1 Sicilia
        • ITG2 Sardegna
        • ITH3 Veneto
        • ITH4 Friuli-Venezia Giulia
        • ITH5 Emilia-Romagna

        Latvia

        • LV00 Latvija

        Lithuania

        • LT00 Lietuva

        Luxembourg

          Malta

          • MT00 Malta

          Netherlands

          • NL11 Groningen
          • NL12 Friesland (NL)
          • NL32 Noord-Holland
          • NL33 Zuid-Holland
          • NL34 Zeeland
          • NL41 Noord-Brabant

          Poland

          • PL42 Zachodniopomorskie
          • PL63 Pomorskie

          Portugal

          • PT11 Norte
          • PT15 Algarve
          • PT16 Centro (PT)
          • PT17 Lisboa
          • PT18 Alentejo

          Romania

          • RO22 Sud-Est
          • RO41 Sud-Vest Oltenia

          Slovenia

          • SI02 Zahodna Slovenija

          Slovakia

            Spain

            • ES11 Galicia
            • ES12 Principado de Asturias
            • ES13 Cantabria
            • ES21 País Vasco
            • ES22 Comunidad Foral de Navarra
            • ES24 Aragón
            • ES41 Castilla y León
            • ES51 Cataluña
            • ES52 Comunidad Valenciana
            • ES53 Illes Balears
            • ES61 Andalucía
            • ES62 Región de Murcia
            • ES63 Ciudad Autónoma de Ceuta
            • ES64 Ciudad Autónoma de Melilla
            • ES70 Canarias

            Sweden

            • SE11 Stockholm
            • SE12 Östra Mellansverige
            • SE21 Småland med öarna
            • SE22 Sydsverige
            • SE23 Västsverige
            • SE31 Norra Mellansverige
            • SE32 Mellersta Norrland
            • SE33 Övre Norrland

            United Kingdom

            • UKC1 Tees Valley and Durham
            • UKC2 Northumberland and Tyne and Wear
            • UKD1 Cumbria
            • UKD3 Greater Manchester
            • UKD4 Lancashire
            • UKD6 Cheshire
            • UKD7 Merseyside
            • UKE1 East Yorkshire and Northern Lincolnshire
            • UKE2 North Yorkshire
            • UKF3 Lincolnshire
            • UKG1 Herefordshire, Worcestershire and Warwickshire
            • UKG2 Shropshire and Staffordshire
            • UKH1 East Anglia
            • UKH2 Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire
            • UKH3 Essex
            • UKJ2 Surrey, East and West Sussex
            • UKJ3 Hampshire and Isle of Wight
            • UKJ4 Kent
            • UKK1 Gloucestershire, Wiltshire and Bristol/Bath area
            • UKK2 Dorset and Somerset
            • UKK3 Cornwall and Isles of Scilly
            • UKK4 Devon
            • UKL1 West Wales and The Valleys
            • UKL2 East Wales
            • UKM2 Eastern Scotland
            • UKM3 South Western Scotland
            • UKM5 North Eastern Scotland
            • UKM6 Highlands and Islands
            • UKN0 Northern Ireland