EU 2020 Strategy Index
Definition. EU2020 Strategy foresees three growth priority: Smart, Sustainable and Inclusive corresponding to some policy headline targets: 75% of the 20-64 year-old population employed; 3% of the EU’s Gross Domestic Product invested in R&D; 20% reduction (30% if possible) in greenhouse gas emissions in relation to 1990; 20% of energy from renewable sources; 20% increase in energy efficiency; reduction of early school leavers to below 10%; at least 40% of 30-34 year-old population completing third level education; at least 20 million fewer people in or at-risk-of-poverty and social exclusion. In addition to these target values, each Member State may establish its own values. Depending on the current situation these national targets are in some cases more ambitious and in others less ambitious than the EU targets. The aggregate index measures each region’s distance from the European headline targets. A region scores 100 if it has reached all targets, while a region furthest away from all eight targets scores 0.
Key facts at European level. The aggregated index shows the Centre-North in a better position than the rest of Europe. Top regions are located in Finland, Sweden, Denmark and Germany as well as in France and the UK. Some regions in Eastern Romania, Southern Italy and Southern Spain face major challenges in achieving the Europe 2020 targets. Domestic imbalances are particularly visible in Spain and Romania where special attention is required from national and regional policymakers. Considering the progress made over the last years, regions in the Centre-North of Europe and most regions in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovenia, Slovakia, Cyprus and Malta are on a positive track towards the Europe 2020 targets.